# 2.3.2: Fluid-static equation


Fluid statics (also called hydrostatics) is the science of fluids at rest, and is a sub-field within fluid mechanics. It embraces the study of the conditions under which fluids are at rest in stable equilibrium.

Figure 2.16: Differential cylinder of air. Adapted from Franchini et al. [3].

If we assume the air at rest as in Hypothesis (2.1), we can formulate the equilibrium of a differential cylindrical element where only gravitational volume forces and pressure surface forces act (see Figure 2.16):

$pdS - (p + dp) dS = \rho g d Sdh,$

which gives rise to the equation of the fluid statics:

$\dfrac{d p}{dh} = -\rho g.$

2.3.2: Fluid-static equation is shared under a CC BY-SA 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Manuel Soler Arnedo via source content that was edited to conform to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.