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2.3.2: Fluid-static equation

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    78095
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    Fluid statics (also called hydrostatics) is the science of fluids at rest, and is a sub-field within fluid mechanics. It embraces the study of the conditions under which fluids are at rest in stable equilibrium.

    截屏2022-01-10 下午9.08.13.png
    Figure 2.16: Differential cylinder of air. Adapted from Franchini et al. [3].

    If we assume the air at rest as in Hypothesis (2.1), we can formulate the equilibrium of a differential cylindrical element where only gravitational volume forces and pressure surface forces act (see Figure 2.16):

    \[pdS - (p + dp) dS = \rho g d Sdh,\]

    which gives rise to the equation of the fluid statics:

    \[\dfrac{d p}{dh} = -\rho g.\]


    2.3.2: Fluid-static equation is shared under a CC BY-SA 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Manuel Soler Arnedo via source content that was edited to conform to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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