In a wide sense, the current market of commercial aircraft is dominated by four major manufacturers of civil transportation aircraft:
- Airbus, based in Europe.
- Boeing, based in the United States.
- Bombardier, based in Canada.
- Embraer, based in Brazil.
Airbus: Airbus9 is an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, a European aerospace company. Based in Toulouse, and with significant activity across Europe, the company produces more than half of the world’s jet airliners. Airbus began as a consortium of aerospace manufacturers, Airbus Industrie. The consolidation of European defence and aerospace companies in 1999 and 2000 allowed the establishment of a simplified joint- stock company in 2001, owned by EADS (80%) and British Aerospace (BAE) Systems (20%). In 1006, BAE sold its shareholding to EADS. Airbus employs around 52,000 people at sixteen sites in four European Union countries: France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and Spain. Final assembly production is at Toulouse (France), Hamburg (Germany), Seville (Spain) and, since 2009, Tianjin (People’s Republic of China). The company produced and markets the first commercially viable fly-by-wire airliner, the Airbus A320, and the world’s largest airliner, the A380.
Figure 8.5: Aircraft manufacturers.
Boeing: The Boeing Company10 is an American multinational aerospace and defense corporation, founded in 1916 in Seattle, Washington. Boeing has expanded over the years, merging with McDonnell Douglas in 1997. Boeing is made up of multiple business units, which are Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA); Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS); Engineering, Operations & Technology; Boeing Capital; and Boeing Shared Services Group. Boeing is among the largest global aircraft manufacturers by revenue, orders and deliveries, and the third largest aerospace and defense contractor in the world based on defense-related revenue. Boeing is the largest exporter by value in the United States. Its Boeing 737 has resulted (counting with the different versions and evolutions) the all times most sold aircraft type.
Embraer: Embraer11 is a Brazilian aerospace conglomerate that produces commercial, military, and executive aircraft and provides aeronautical services. Embraer is the third-largest commercial aircraft manufacturing in the world, and the forth-largest aircraft manufacturing when including business jets into account, and it is Brazil’s top exporter of industrial products.
Bombardier: Bombardier12 is a Canadian conglomerate. It is a large manufacturer of regional aircraft and business jets. Its headquarters are in Montreal, Canada.
9. Information retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Airbus.
10. Information retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boeing.
11. Information retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embraer.
12. Information retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bombardier_Inc..