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    Copyright © 2020 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (collection)

    Authors retain copyright of their individual contributions.

    This work is licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license: For more information, see page xv.

    The work is published jointly by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) and Virginia Tech Publishing.

    Virginia Tech Publishing, University Libraries at Virginia Tech, 560 Drillfield Drive, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.

    Virginia Tech is a member of the Open Education Network.

    Suggested citation: Holden, N. M., Wolfe, M. L., Ogejo, J. A. & Commins, E. J. (Eds.) (2020) Introduction to Biosystems Engineering. ASABE in association with Virginia Tech Publishing, Blacksburg, Virginia. Available from

    Use of ASABE and Virginia Tech Publishing logos is authorized for this edition only.

    ASABE is an educational and scientific organization dedicated to the advancement of engineering applicable to agricultural, food, and biological systems.

    ASABE is not responsible for statements and opinions advanced in its meetings or printed in its publications. They represent the views of the individual to whom they are credited and are not binding on the Society as a whole.

    Peer Review: This book has undergone editorial peer review.

    Accessibility Statement: Virginia Tech Publishing is committed to making its publications accessible in accordance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. The screen reader–friendly ePub version of this book is tagged structurally and includes alternative text which allows for machine-readability.

    Publication Cataloging Information

    International Standard Book Number (ISBN) (PDF): 978-1-949373-97-4

    International Standard Book Number (ISBN) (Print): 978-1-949373-93-6

    Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

    Cover images:

    Harvest [Public Domain]

    Crossing [Public Domain] Ricardo Gomez Angel

    Sorting raspberries Frozen red raspberries in sorting and processing machines © Vladimir Nenezic, used under license from

    Aerial view over Biogas plant and farm in green fields. Renewable energy from biomass. Modern agriculture in Czech Republic and European Union © Kletr, used under license from

    Copy editing by Peg McCann

    Cover design: Robert Browder