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11.1: Appendix A- List of Solids Densities

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    32874
  • Table 15.1-1: Specific Gravities of many solids.

    Product

    Specific Gravity

    Product

    Specific Gravity

    ABS, extrusion grade

    1.05

    Manganese

    7.21 - 7.44

    ABS, high impact

    1.03

    Manganese ore, pyrolusite

    3.7 - 4.6

    Acetal, 20% glass

    1.55

    Magnesium

    1.738

    Acetal, copolymer

    1.41

    Marble min.

    2.6

    Acetyl, homopolymer

    1.41

    Marble max.

    2.86

    Acrylic

    1.19

    Masonry

    2.4

    Alumina

    3.4 - 3.6

    Mercury

    13.534

    Aluminum min.

    2.55

    Mica

    2.7

    Aluminum max.

    2.8

    Mineral wool blanket

    0.1

    Aluminum Bronze

    7.8

    Molybdenum

    10.22

    Andesite, solid

    2.8

    Monel metal, rolled

    8.97

    Antimony

    6.69

    Mortar

    1.5

    Asbestos, cement board

    1.4

    Mullite beads

    2.8

    Asbestos, mill board

    1

    Neodymium

    7

    Asbestos, shredded

    0.3 - 0.4

    Nickel

    8.9

    Asbestos, rock

    1.6

    Niobium (Columbium)

    8.57

    Asphalt

    1.1

    Nylon 6 Cast

    1.16

    Asphaltum

    1.4

    Nylon 6/6, Cast

    1.3

    Azdel

    1.19

    Nylon 6/6, Extruded

    1.14

    Bakelite, solid

    1.4

    Nylon 60L, Cast

    1.16

    Bark

    0.25

    Oak, red

    0.7

    Barite

    4.5

    Osmium

    22.57

    Barium

    3.62

    Paper

    0.9

    Barium sulfate

    4.5

    Palladium

    12.02

    Basalt, broken

    1.95

    Paraffin wax

    0.9

    Basalt solid

    3

    PET, unfilled

    1.36

    Beeswax

    0.95

    Phenolics

    1.38

    Bentonite

    2.4

    Phosphorus

    1.8

    Beryllium

    1.848

    Plaster, light

    0.7

    Bismuth

    9.79

    Plaster, sand

    1.8

    Borax min.

    1.7

    Plaster of Paris

    1.8

    Borax min.

    1.8

    Plastics, foamed

    0.2

    Boron

    2.32

    Plastics, solid

    1.2

    Brass, cast rolled

    8.4 - 8.7

    Platinum

    21.45

    Brick, common red

    1.75

    Plutonium

    19.84

    Brick, fire clay (firebrick)

    2.4

    Polycarbonate

    1.19

    Brick, hard

    2

    Polyethylene, HD

    0.97

    Brickwork, in cement

    1.8

    Polyethylene, UHMW

    0.94

    Brickwork, in mortar

    1.6

    Polyethermide

    1.27

    Brickwood, in cement

    1.8

    Polyphenylene Sulfide

    1.3

    Brickwood, in mortar

    1.6

    Polymethylpentene

    0.83

    Bronze aluminum

    7.7

    Polymid, unfilled

    1.41

    Bronze phosphor

    8.88

    Polypropylene

    0.91

    Bronze, 7.9 - 14% Sn

    7.4 - 8.9

    Polysulfone

    1.25

    Cadmium

    8.65

    Polyurethane

    1.05

    Calcium

    4.58

    Porcelain

    2.5

    Calcium carbonate

    2.7

    Potassium

    0.86

    Carbon, solid

    2.1

    Praseodymium

    6.77

    Carbon, powdered

    0.08

    PTFE (teflon)

    2.19

    Cement

    1.2 - 1.5

    PVC

    1.39

    Cement, Portland (set)

    3.1

    PVDF

    1.77

    Cerium

    6.77

    Quartz min.

    2.5

    Cesium

    1.873

    Quartz max.

    2.8

    Chalk

    2.3

    Rhenium

    21.02

    Charcoal, wood

    0.4

    Rhodium

    12.41

    Chromium

    7.19

    Rubidium

    1.532

    Chromium dioxide (Cr203)

    5.22

    Ruthenium

    12.45

    Clay min.

    1.8

    Salt

    2.2

    Clay max.

    2.6

    Samarium

    7.52

    Coal, anthracite

    1.5

    Sand, silica

    2.6

    Coal, bitumious

    1.2

    Sand, Quartz

    7

    Coal, slag

    2.7

    Sandstone min.

    2

    Cobalt

    8.71

    Sandstone max.

    2.6

    Concrete, ligth

    1.4

    Sawdust

    0.15

    Concrete, stone

    2.2

    Selenium

    4.28

    Corkboard

    0.2

    Scandium

    2.989

    Copper

    8.89

    Serpentine min.

    2.7

    CPVC

    1.55

    Selenium

    4.8

    Diamond

    3.51

    Serpentine max.

    2.8

    Dolomite rock

    2.9

    Sialon

    3.26

    Dysprosium

    8.55

    Silica aerogel

    0.11

    Earth, dry

    1.4

    Silicon

    2.33

    Emery

    4

    Silicon carbide

    3.1

    Epoxy

    1.8

    Silicon nitride

    3.2

    Erbium

    9.066

    Silver

    10.5

    Europium

    5.244

    Silver, German

    8.58

    Ferrosilicon - 15%

    6.7 - 7.1

    Slate

    2.8

    Fiberboard, ligth

    0.24

    Soapstone

    2.7

    Fiber hardboard

    1.1

    Sodium

    0.968

    Fiber glass sheet

    1.87

    Steatite beads

    2.6 - 2.7

    Flint stones / pebbles

    2.4 - 2.6

    Steel, 440C stainless

    7.7

    Gadolinium

    7.9

    Steel, carbon

    7.8

    Gallium

    5.91

    Steel, chrome

    7.8

    Germanium

    5.32

    Steel, cold-drawn

    7.83

    German silver

    8.58

    Steel, machine

    7.8

    Germanium

    5.32

    Steel, cold-drawn

    7.83

    German silver

    8.58

    Steel, machine

    7.8

    Glass min.

    2.4

    Steel, tool

    7.70 - 7.73

    Glass max.

    2.8

    Strontium

    2.64

    Glass beads

    2.5

    Sulfur

    2

    Glass crystal min.

    2.9

    Talc min.

    2.6

    Glass crystal max.

    3

    Talc max.

    2.8

    Glass plate min.

    2.45

    Tantalium

    16.69

    Glass plate max.

    2.72

    Tar, bituminous

    1.2

    Gold, 22 carat fine1)

    17.5

    Tellurium min.

    6

    Gold, pure

    19.32

    Tellurium max.

    6.24

    Gold, US coin1)

    17.18 - 17.2

    Thallium

    11.85

    Granite min.

    2.4

    Thorium

    11.7

    Graphite

    2.07

    Thulium

    9.32

    Gypsum, solid

    2.8

    Tile

    1.8

    Gypsum, board

    0.8

    Tin

    7.31

    Hafnium

    13.31

    Tin ore, cassiterite

    6.4 - 7.0

    Hairfelt

    0.1

    63 Sn & 37 Pb

    8.42

    Hematite

    5.2

    10 Sn & 90 Pb

    10.5

    Holmium

    8.795

    Titanium

    4.506

    Hornblende

    3

    Titanium dioxide, Anatase

    3.77

    Ice (0oC, 32oF)

    0.92

    Trap rock

    3

    Ilmenite

    4.5- 5.0

    Tungsten

    19.22

    Indium

    7.31

    Tungsten carbide

    14.29

    Iodine

    4.93

    Uranium

    18.8

    Iridium min.

    21.78

    Vanadium

    5.96

    Iridium max.

    22.42

    Vermiculite

    0.13

    Iron cast min.

    7.03

    Vinyl ester

    1.8

    Iron cast max.

    7.13

    Water

    1

    Iron carbonate

    3.9 +

    White metal

    7.3

    Iron slag

    2.7

    Wood, balsa

    0.16

    Iron wrought min.

    7.6

    Wood, oak

    0.7

    Iron wrought max.

    7.9

    Wood, white pine

    0.5

    Lanthanum

    6.17

    Wood, felt

    0.3

    Leather, dry

    0.9

    Wood, loose

    0.1

    Limestone min.

    2.1

    Wool

    1.32

    Limestone max.

    2.86

    Ytterbium

    6.97

    Lead

    11.35

    Yttrium

    4.47

    Lead ore, galena

    7.3 - 7.6

    Zinc, cast-rolled

    6.9 - 7.2

    Lead oxide (yellow)

    9.5 - 9.9

    Zinc blend min

    3.9

    Leather

    0.95

    Zinc blend max

    4.2

    Limestone

    2.6

    Zinc min.

    6.9

    Lithium

    0.53

    Zinc max.

    7.2

    Lutetium

    9.84

    Zirconium

    6.506

    Magnesite

    3

    Zirconium silicate

    3.85

    Magnetite

    3.2

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