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17.25: Appendix Y- Applications and Equipment

  • Page ID
    36526
  • Y.1 Historic Dredges

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    Figure Y-1: Dredging machine 1760 (ARA, Staten van Holland 5675), patent of F. D’Arles de Liniere in 1761.
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    Figure Y-2: A gold dredging bucket ladder dredge (www.miningandmetallurgy.com).
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    Figure Y-3: A dredge for canal works and a bucket ladder dredge (Swedish encyclopedia 1914).

    Y.2 Bucket Ladder Dredges

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    Figure Y-4: A bucket ladder dredge (IHC).
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    Figure Y-5: Bucket storage.
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    Figure Y-6: Garbage bucket dredge (Hamson Indonesia).
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    Figure Y-7: The buckets of a gold dredge.

    Y.3 Cutter Suction Dredges

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    Figure Y-8: The Mashour (Suez Canal Port Authorities, IHC).
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    Figure Y-9: The Crawlcat (IHC).
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    Figure Y-10: The d'Artagnan (28.200 kW, DEME group).
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    Figure Y-11: A model rock cutter head (Delft University of Technology).
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    Figure Y-12: A sand cutter head.
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    Figure Y-13: A rock cutter head.
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    Figure Y-14: A rock cutter head (van Oord).
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    Figure Y-15: Cutterhead (IHC).
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    Figure Y-16: Rock cutterhead (IHC).

    Y.4 Trailing Suction Hopper Dredges

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    Figure Y-17: Gerardus Mercator (Jan de Nul, 18000 m3).
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    Figure Y-18: The Gerardus Mercator (Jan de Nul, 18000 m3) with one drag arm.
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    Figure Y-19: The Christobal Colon (Jan de Nul, 46.000 m3).
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    Figure Y-20: The Volvox Terranova rainbowing (van Oord).
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    Figure Y-21: The Fairway (BosKalis, 35.000 m3).
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    Figure Y-22: TSHD suction pipe (Jan de Nul).
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    Figure Y-23: Drag head (Damen Dredging).
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    Figure Y-24: Drag head (Damen Dredging).
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    Figure Y-25: Drag head (Damen Dredging).

    Y.5 Backhoe Dredges

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    Figure Y-26: A large backhoe dredge.
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    Figure Y-27: A large backhoe dredge.
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    Figure Y-28: The Goliath (van Oord).
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    Figure Y-29: The New York (Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Company).

    Y.6 Clamshell Dredges

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    Figure Y-30: Line art drawing of a dredge (Pearson Scott Foresman).
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    Figure Y-31: The Chicago (Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Company).
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    Figure Y-32: The Chicago (Great Lakes Dredge & Dock company).
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    Figure Y-33: The biggest clamshell in the world.
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    Figure Y-34: The Chicago (Great Lakes Dredge & Dock Company).
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    Figure Y-35: A deep sea mining clamshell (Seatools).
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    Figure_Apx Y-36: Artists impression of a clamshell operation.

    Y.7 Bucket Wheel Dredges

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    Figure Y-37: A bucket wheel dredge (IHC).
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    Figure Y-38: A bucket wheel dredge (China Hi Sea).
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    Figure Y-39: Dredging wheel (IHC).
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    Figure Y-40: Dredging wheel (IHC).

    Y.8 Braun Kohle Bergbau

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    Figure Y-41: The world’s largest excavator.
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    Figure Y-42: 95m high, 215m long, 45500 tons, $100 million, 10 m/min, 76000 m3/day.
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    Figure Y-43: A bucket wheel excavator (www.directindustry.com).
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    Figure Y-44: Giant bucket wheel excavator.

    Y.9 Deep Sea Mining

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    Figure Y-45: Deep sea mining, the Solwara Field.
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    Figure Y-46: A deep sea mining excavator (IHC).
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    Figure Y-47: Deep sea mining excavators (IHC).
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    Figure Y-48: Deep sea mining excavators.
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    Figure Y-49: Sea floor production system.
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    Figure_Apx Y-50: An IHC excavator.
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    Figure Y-51: An artists impression of deep sea mining.

    Y.10 Cable Trenching

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    Figure Y-52: Subsea Cable Trench Plough Sea Stallion 4 (IHC).
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    Figure Y-53: The Sea Stallion Ormonde OWF (VSMC).
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    Figure Y-54: The Sea Stallion pulled by the mother ship.
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    Figure Y-55: The Sea Stallion.

    Y.11 Offshore Pipeline Trenching

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    Figure Y-56: The Digging Donald (All Seas).
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    Figure Y-57: Arm with digging chain.
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    Figure Y-58: Reef Subsea trencher (www.dredgingtoday.com).
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    Figure Y-59: Seatools Arthopod 600.

    Y.12 Dry Trenching

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    Figure Y-60: Rock trencher (Rocksaw International).
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    Figure Y-61: Rock trencher (Rocksaw International).
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    Figure Y-62: NEPA pipeline trenching (lindeco.com).
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    Figure Y-63: NEPA pipeline trenching (lindeco.com).

    Y.13 PDC Cutters (Oil & Gas Drilling)

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    Figure Y-64: A set of PDC cutters (HeJianShi FuLiang Dril Manufactury).
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    Figure Y-65: PDC bits.

    PDC cutters (Polycrystalline Diamond Composite) are widely used in petroleum/oil field PDC bit, eological PDC exploration bits, gas exploration bits, PCD/PDC coal mining drill bits, ilfield drilling bits, currently, we developed new type of PDC cutters, and the length of the cutter is 32mm, with a round radius of the tungsten carbide substrate of the PDC cutter.

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    Figure Y-66: Percussion button bit and rotary drill bit (Varel International).
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    Figure Y-67: StaySharp premium PDC cutter technology.

    Y.14 Bulldozers, Graders & Scrapers

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    Figure Y-68: Catterpillar D11T (mining.cat.com).
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    Figure Y-69: Caterpillar 24M motor grader.
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    Figure Y-70: Caterpillar 631G tractor scraper.
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    Figure Y-71: Komatsu D85ex bulldozer.

    Y.15 Dry Mining

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    Figure Y-72: Double head drum cutter (www.drumcutters.com).
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    Figure Y-73: Tunnel Boring Machine (Shanghai Kemei El. Co.).
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    Figure Y-74: Drumcutter for dry mining applications.
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    Figure Y-75: A tunnel boring machine.

    Y.16 Tunnel Boring Machines

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    Figure Y-76: An integrated TBM.
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    Figure Y-77: A TBM of Herrenknecht.
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    Figure Y-78: The WesterSchelde TBM.
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    Figure Y-79: Tunnel Boring Machine (www.imaker.ca).

     

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