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Engineering LibreTexts

6.5: Math Statistics with Arrays

  • Page ID
    10692
  • Overview

    Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data. Common statistical methods include mean (or average) and standard deviation.[1]

    Discussion

    Arrays are an important complex data type used in almost all programming. We continue to concentrate on simple one dimension arrays also called a list. Most programmers develop a series of user-defined specific task functions that can be used with an array for normal processing. These functions are usually passed the array along with the number of elements within the array. Some functions also pass another piece of data needed for that particular functions task.

    This module covers the totaling of the members of an integer array member. The Latin name for totaling is summa, sometimes shortened to the word sum. In the example below, the sum function totals the array passed to it. Other mathematical functions often associated with statistics such as: average, count, minimum, maximum, standard deviation, etc. are often developed for processing arrays.

    Pseudocode

    Function Main
        Declare Integer Array ages[5]
        Declare Integer total
        
        Assign ages = [49, 48, 26, 19, 16]
    
        Assign total = sum(ages)
    
        Output "Total age is: " & total
    End
    
    Function sum (Integer Array array)
        Declare Integer total
        Declare Integer index
        
        Assign total = 0
        For index = 0 to Size(array) - 1
            Assign total = total + array[index]
        End
    Return Integer total
    

    Output

    Total age is: 158
    

    Key Terms

    sum
    Latin for summa or a total.