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Engineering LibreTexts

5.10: “Equal To One Of” Trick with the in Operator

  • Page ID
    14501
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    The expression event.key in (K_LEFT, K_a) is just a Python trick to make the code simpler. It is a way of saying "evaluate to True if event.key is equal to one of K_LEFT or K_a". The following two expressions will evaluate the exact same way:

    event.key in (K_LEFT, K_a)
    event.key == K_LEFT or event.key == K_a
    

    You can really save on some space by using this trick when you have to check if a value is equal to one of multiple values. The following two expressions will evaluate the exact same way:

    spam == 'dog' or spam == 'cat' or spam == 'mouse' or spam == 'horse' or spam == 42 or spam == 'dingo'
    spam in ('dog', 'cat', 'mouse', 'horse', 42, 'dingo')
    

    5.10: “Equal To One Of” Trick with the in Operator is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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