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5.13: Glossary

  • Page ID
  • floor division:
    An operator, denoted //, that divides two numbers and rounds down (toward negative infinity) to an integer.
    modulus operator:
    An operator, denoted with a percent sign (%), that works on integers and returns the remainder when one number is divided by another.
    boolean expression:
    An expression whose value is either True or False.
    relational operator:
    One of the operators that compares its operands: ==, !=, >, <, >=, and <=.
    logical operator:
    One of the operators that combines boolean expressions: and, or, and not.
    conditional statement:
    A statement that controls the flow of execution depending on some condition.
    The boolean expression in a conditional statement that determines which branch runs.
    compound statement:
    A statement that consists of a header and a body. The header ends with a colon (:). The body is indented relative to the header.
    One of the alternative sequences of statements in a conditional statement.
    chained conditional:
    A conditional statement with a series of alternative branches.
    nested conditional:
    A conditional statement that appears in one of the branches of another conditional statement.
    return statement:
    A statement that causes a function to end immediately and return to the caller.
    The process of calling the function that is currently executing.
    base case:
    A conditional branch in a recursive function that does not make a recursive call.
    infinite recursion:
    A recursion that doesn’t have a base case, or never reaches it. Eventually, an infinite recursion causes a runtime error.
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