12.2: Tuple assignment
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It is often useful to swap the values of two variables. With conventional assignments, you have to use a temporary variable. For example, to swap
>>> temp = a >>> a = b >>> b = temp
This solution is cumbersome; tuple assignment is more elegant:
>>> a, b = b, a
The left side is a tuple of variables; the right side is a tuple of expressions. Each value is assigned to its respective variable. All the expressions on the right side are evaluated before any of the assignments.
The number of variables on the left and the number of values on the right have to be the same:
>>> a, b = 1, 2, 3 ValueError: too many values to unpack
More generally, the right side can be any kind of sequence (string, list or tuple). For example, to split an email address into a user name and a domain, you could write:
>>> addr = 'firstname.lastname@example.org' >>> uname, domain = addr.split('@')
The return value from
split is a list with two elements; the first element is assigned to
uname, the second to
>>> uname 'monty' >>> domain 'python.org'