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Engineering LibreTexts

3.1: Background

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  • A Biome is a section of the earth’s surface that is home to a characteristic community of plants and animals. Because the makeup of a biome is dependent on its climate, biomes are often regarded as a synonymous with climate zones. A Climate zone being section of the earth’s surface defined by it’s average annual temperatures and total precipitation, as well as its monthly and seasonal averages and extremes.

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    Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\): A view of the western hemisphere taken from biome viewer. The colors on the continents represent the major biomes, which are in part defined by latitude. See the side panel for the figure above to see the major latitudinal sections of the globe.
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