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25.1: Appendix A- Tools Used in this Manual

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  • This appendix contains descriptions of the on-line climate models, climate data viewers, interactive atlases, and other web-based resources used in the activities in this manual.

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    Build Your Own Earth

    BYOE is a scaled down version of the Fast Atmosphere-Ocean Model (FOAM), a climate model often used on supercomputers to understand climate dynamics. Able to model past, present, and future climate conditions, this web-based climate model was developed the University of Manchester.

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    Biome Viewer

    Biome viewer is an interactive atlas that shows major biomes (plant and animal communities), changes in human development over the past 3 centuries, average annual temperature and precipitation across the globe, and the plants and animals inhabiting the major biomes. Biome Viewer was developed by the Biointeractive Group at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

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    C-Roads is a climate simulator developed to accompany the World Climate Simulation. Both were developed by Climate Interactive to help students and other citizens understand the issues involved in the UN Climate Negotiations. C-Roads is a simple climate model that forecasts changes in average global temperature.

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    Climate Dashboard

    The dashboard is a series of interactive graphs showing changes in global temperature, sea level, and \(CO_{2}\), \(CH_{4}\), \(N_{2}O\), and \(O_{2}\) levels over the past 1000 and 800,000 years.

    The Dashboard was produced by 2° institute.

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    Climate Impacts Map

    CIM is a viewer for climate model data that shows probable changes in average annual and seasonal temperature for individual countries and states up to 2100. CIM was developed by the Climate Impacts Lab (a coalition of researchers).

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    Climate Mapper (NCT)

    Climate mapper is part of a suite of tools called the Northwest Climate Toolbox. Mapper is an interactive map of the United States that displays recent climate changes related to water resources, agriculture, and fire danger. The Toolbox was developed by the Applied Climate Science Lab at the University of Idaho

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    Climate Reanalyzer

    Climate Reanalyzer is suite of weather and climate datasets developed by the Climate Change Institute at the University of Maine. The suite includes weather forecasts and a variety of climate models and data sets. A good starting place for understanding the difference between weather and climate.

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    Drawdown Solutions

    The Drawdown project is a coalition of researchers, students, business leaders and activists seeking to provide the best available information on solutions that could be implemented over the next thirty years to keep climate change to safe levels. The solutions catalog is a listing of their top 100 strategies.

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    An animated map of real-time and archived winds, ocean currents, and atmosphere and ocean physical properties.

    Created by a web developer, Cameron Beccario, Earth uses data from the Global Forecast System to produce the maps in the viewer.

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    Earth Viewer

    Earth Viewer is an interactive atlas of the world that displays how geography, climate, and biology have changed over the planet’s 4.5-billion-year history. The atlas was developed by the Biointeractive group at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

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    En-Roads is an energy-environment simulator developed by Climate Interactive. The simulator allows users to select fuels to power global civilization, adjust global energy efficiency, and select levels and types of sequestration to employ.

    Like C-Roads the simulator is designed to investigate what it would take meet the Paris 2015 temperature targets.

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    Future Climate Dashboard

    The Dashboard is part of a suite of tools called the Northwest Climate Toolbox. It is built to show projected warmest and coolest temperature, precipitation, fire danger, and growing seasons for individual cities. Projections are for now through the late 21\(^{st}\) century and are based on low and high emission scenarios.

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    Future Stream Flow

    Future Stream Flow is part of the Northwest Climate Toolbox and was designed to show changes in annual stream flow for the early, middle, and late 21\(^{st}\) century based on low and high emission scenarios.

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    Google Earth

    The mainstay of earth information viewers. The in-browser version used in this manual has tools for making virtual tours of selected sites. The more advanced “Pro” version allows users to do extensive measurements and overlay a variety of information produced by geographic information systems.

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    Historical Climate Mapper

    The mapper is a component of the Northwest Climate Toolbox developed by the Northwest Climate Adaption Science Center. It is designed to show monthly, seasonal, and yearly temperature, precipitation, humidity, and wind for selected locations.

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    Future Crop Suitability

    This is another part of the Northwest Climate Toolbox. This component shows the suitability of four key crops in selected areas given projected temperature increases during the early and late 21\(^{st}\) century.

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    Seasonal Forecast Maps

    A component of the Northwest Climate Toolbox. This one is a set of seasonal forecast maps for the western United States. Forecasted elements include temperature and precipitation. Useful for seeing if a seasonal will be warmer, cooler, drier, or wetter than normal.

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    Surging Seas Risk Finder

    An interactive map of coastal areas in the United States used for determining the amount of flooding in these areas resulting from various increases in sea level (0.5 to 30 m). This Risk Finder was developed by Climate Central’s program on Sea Level Rise

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