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Engineering LibreTexts

3.4: Permaculture Principles

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  • The Permaculture Principles guide our design decisions and organize the structure of our Permaculture system. We are using David Holmgren’s version of the principles, where they are consolidated into 12. These principles should be learned in order to help inform all of your future Permaculture work.

    12 Permaculture Principles


    This video explains the 12 Permaculture Principles as put forth by co-founder David Holmgren. These principles are the last piece of the Permaculture decision making matrix and provide a clear set of guidelines by which we design our sites.


    A YouTube element has been excluded from this version of the text. You can view it online here:

    The Permaculture Principles cover a lot of ground. In David Holmgren’s book “Permaculture Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability” he goes deep into the theoretical side of each one of these principles, talking about their physical and social aspects, and placing the whole Permaculture design system in the context of the modern age. The principles are a very potent tool to use, and much time can be spent thinking about how you can put them into action on your own design site.