The typedef statement allows the programmer to create an alias, or synonym, for an existing data type. This can be useful in documenting a program. The C++ programming language syntax is:
typedef <the real data type> <the alias identifier name>;
Let's say a programmer is using a double data type to store the amount of money that is being used for various purposes in a program. He might define the variables as follows:
Regular Definition of Variables double income; double rent; double vacation;
However, he might use the typedef statement and define the variables as follows:
Using typedef when Defining Variables typedef double cash; the typedef must be defined before its use cash income; cash rent; cash vacation;
So, we can use typedef to create an alias. In the above example we create a new type of 'cash' - and then we can use this new type just as we would use int, or float, or double to define a variable. the variable income is actually a double, because we stated this using the typedef instruction.
The typedef statement is not used very often by beginning programmers. It usually creates more confusion than needed, thus stick to using the normal data types at first.
- Allows the programmer to create an alias, or synonym, for an existing data type.
"Typedef - an alias" by Kenneth Leroy Busbee, (Download for free at http://cnx.org/contents/303800f3-07f...firstname.lastname@example.org) is licensed under CC BY 4.0