# 18.1: Introduction

Fluid properties are used to characterize the condition of a fluid at a given state. A reliable estimation and description of the properties of hydrocarbon mixtures is fundamental in petroleum and natural engineering analysis and design. Fluid properties are not independent, just as pressure, temperature, and volume are not independent of each other. Equations of State provide the means for the estimation of the P-V-T relationship, and from them many other thermodynamic properties can be derived. Compositions are usually required for the calculation of the properties of each phase. For a VLE system, using the tools we have discussed in the previous lectures, we are ready to predict some important properties of both the liquid (condensate) and vapor (natural gas) phases — by means of the known values of composition of both phases. Some of the most relevant are discussed next.

### Contributors

Prof. Michael Adewumi (The Pennsylvania State University). Some or all of the content of this module was taken from Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences' OER Initiative.