In the discussion so far, it was assumed that the control volume is at rest. The only acceptation to the above statement, is the gravity that was compensated by the gravity potential. In building the gravity potential it was assumed that the gravity is a conservative force. It was pointed earlier in this book that accelerated forces can be translated to potential force. In many cases, the control volume is moving in accelerated coordinates. These accelerations will be translated to potential energy. The accelerations are referring to two kinds of acceleration, linear and rotational. There is no conceptional difference between these two accelerations. However, the mathematical treatment is somewhat different which is the reason for the separation. General Acceleration can be broken into a linear acceleration and a rotating acceleration.
Dr. Genick Bar-Meir. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or later or Potto license.