Since the gas–liquid system is a specific case of the liquid–liquid system, both will be united in this discussion. However, for the convenience of the terms ``gas and liquid'' will be used to signify the lighter and heavier liquid, respectively. The liquid–liquid (also gas–liquid) flow is an extremely complex three–dimensional transient problem since the flow conditions in a pipe may vary along its length, over its cross section, and with time. To simplify the descriptions of the problem and yet to retain the important features of the flow, some variables are defined so that the flow can be described as a one-dimensional flow. This method is the most common and important to analyze two-phase flow pressure drop and other parameters. Perhaps, the only serious missing point in this discussion is the change of the flow along the distance of the tube.
Dr. Genick Bar-Meir. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or later or Potto license.