Skip to main content
Engineering LibreTexts

6.4: Arrays and Functions

  • Page ID
    10691
  • Overview

    In modular programming, specific task functions are often created and used or reused for array processing. Array processing functions are usually passed the array and any data necessary to process the array for the given task.

    It should be noted that arrays are passed by reference in most current programming languages. Array processing functions must take care not to alter the array unless intended.

    Discussion

    Arrays are an important complex data type used in almost all programming. We continue to concentrate on simple one dimension arrays also called a list. Most programmers develop a series of user-defined specific task functions that can be used with an array for normal processing. These functions are usually passed the array along with the number of elements within the array. Some functions also pass another piece of data needed for that particular function’s task.

    This module covers the displaying the array members on the monitor via calling an array function dedicated to that task.

    Pseudocode

    Function Main
        Declare Integer Array ages[5]
        
        Assign ages = [49, 48, 26, 19, 16]
        Call DisplayArray(ages)
    End
    
    Function DisplayArray (Integer Array array)
        Declare Integer index
        
        For index = 0 to Size(array) - 1
            Output array[index]
        End
    End
    

    Output

    49
    48
    26
    19
    16
    

    Key Terms

    array function
    A user-defined specific task function designed to process an array.