In general, you can’t perform mathematical operations on strings, even if the strings look like numbers, so the following are illegal:
'2'-'1' 'eggs'/'easy' 'third'*'a charm'
The + operator works with strings, but it might not do what you expect: it performs concatenation, which means joining the strings by linking them end-to-end. For example:
first = 'throat' second = 'warbler' print first + second
The output of this program is
The * operator also works on strings; it performs repetition. For example,
'SpamSpamSpam'. If one of the operands is a string, the other has to be an integer.
This use of + and * makes sense by analogy with addition and multiplication. Just as
4*3 is equivalent to
4+4+4, we expect
'Spam'*3 to be the same as
'Spam'+'Spam'+'Spam', and it is. On the other hand, there is a significant way in which string concatenation and repetition are different from integer addition and multiplication. Can you think of a property that addition has that string concatenation does not?