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Engineering LibreTexts

1.5: Values and types

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  • A value is one of the basic things a program works with, like a letter or a number. Some values we have seen so far are 2, 42.0, and 'Hello, World!'.

    These values belong to different types: 2 is an integer, 42.0 is a floating-point number, and 'Hello, World!' is a string, so-called because the letters it contains are strung together.

    If you are not sure what type a value has, the interpreter can tell you:

    >>> type(2)
    <class 'int'>
    >>> type(42.0)
    <class 'float'>
    >>> type('Hello, World!')
    <class 'str'>

    In these results, the word “class” is used in the sense of a category; a type is a category of values.

    Not surprisingly, integers belong to the type int, strings belong to str and floating-point numbers belong to float.

    What about values like '2' and '42.0'? They look like numbers, but they are in quotation marks like strings.

    >>> type('2')
    <class 'str'>
    >>> type('42.0')
    <class 'str'>

    They’re strings.

    When you type a large integer, you might be tempted to use commas between groups of digits, as in 1,000,000. This is not a legal integer in Python, but it is legal:

    >>> 1,000,000
    (1, 0, 0)

    That’s not what we expected at all! Python interprets 1,000,000 as a comma-separated sequence of integers. We’ll learn more about this kind of sequence later.

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