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Engineering LibreTexts

0.18: Pages

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  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)


    The total address-space is divided into individual pages. Pages can be many different sizes; generally they are around 4 KiB, but this is not a hard and fast rule and they can be much larger but generally not any smaller. The page is the smallest unit of memory that the operating system and hardware can deal with.

    Additionally, each page has a number of attributes set by the operating system. Generally, these include read, write and execute permissions for the current page. For example, the operating system can generally mark the code pages of a process with an executable flag and the processor can choose to not execute any code from pages without this bit set.

    Figure 6.2. Virtual memory pages

    Programmers may at this point be thinking that they can easily allocate small amounts of memory, much smaller than 4 KiB, using malloc or similar calls. This heap memory is actually backed by page-size allocations, which the malloc implementation divides up and manages for you in an efficient manner.

    0.18: Pages is shared under a CC BY-SA 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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