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Engineering LibreTexts

13.5.1: Co–Current Flow

In Co–Current flow, two liquids can have three main categories: vertical, horizontal, and what ever between them. The vertical configuration has two cases, up or down. It is common to differentiate between the vertical (and near vertical) and horizontal (and near horizontal). There is no exact meaning to the word "near vertical'' or ``near horizontal'' and there is no consensus on the limiting angles (not to mention to have limits as a function with any parameter that determine the limiting angle). The flow in inclined angle (that not covered by the word "near'') exhibits flow regimes not much different from the other two. Yet, the limits between the flow regimes are considerably different. This issue of incline flow will not be covered in this chapter.


  • Dr. Genick Bar-Meir. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or later or Potto license.