Agroecosystems are coupled Human-Nature Systems that are shaped by ecological and human socioeconomic factors.
Agricultural practices that humans use are determined by multiple agroecological factors including climate, soil, native organisms, and human socioeconomic factors. Usually, climate and soil resources are the most significant natural factors that determine the crops and livestock that humans produce. Although in some cases, to overcome climate and soil limitations, humans alter the environment with technology (ex. irrigation or greenhouses) to expand the range of food and fiber crops that they can produce. In this module, we will explore how climate and soil influence crop plant selection; crop plant characteristics and classifications; and some socioeconomic factors that influence the crops that humans chose to grow.
- Describe key features of categories of crop plants and how they are adapted to environmental and ecological factors.
- Explain how soil and climatic features determine what crops can be produced in a location, and how humans may alter an environment for crop production.
- Classify environments as high or low resource environments and interpret how both environmental and socio-economic factors contribute to crop plant selection (coupled human-nature systems); and the pros and cons of the cultivation of various crop types.
After completing this module, students will be able to:
- Define annual and perennial crops and list some examples of annual and perennial crops.
- Distinguish and explain why annual or perennial crops are cultivated in high resource or resource-limited environments.
- Explain some ways that farmers alter the environment to produce annual or perennial crops.
- Name some major crop plant families with some example crops.
- Explain the nutrient significance of legumes.
- Describe key plant physiological processes and how climate change may influence crop plant growth and yield.
- Classify major crop plants into types including plant families, temperature adaptation, and photosynthetic pathways.
- Formulate an explanation of the advantages and disadvantages of producing annual and perennial crops.
- Interpret what environmental, ecological, and socioeconomic factors influence what crops farmers produce.
- Distinguish some environmental, ecological and socioeconomic advantages and disadvantages of producing types of crops.
Module 6 Roadmap
Detailed instructions for completing the Summative Assessment will be provided in each module.
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