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- A collection of values, where all the values have the same type, and each value is identified by an index.
- One of the values in an array. The
 operator selects elements.
- An integer variable or value used to indicate an element of an array.
- A value that indicates another value, like an array. In a state diagram, a reference appears as an arrow.
- A variable that refers to the same object as another variable.
- Looping through the elements of an array (or other collection).
- A traversal pattern used to find a particular element of an array.
- A traversal pattern that combines the elements of an array into a single value.
- A variable used to accumulate results during a traversal.
- A program that does the same thing every time it is invoked.
- A program that always behaves differently, even when run multiple times with the same input.
- A sequence of numbers that appear to be random, but which are actually the product of a deterministic computation.
- An array of integers where each integer counts the number of values that fall into a certain range.
- enhanced for loop:
- An alternative syntax for traversing the elements (values) of an array.