2.3: Variable names and Keywords
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Programmers generally choose names for their variables that are meaningful and document what the variable is used for.
Variable names can be arbitrarily long. They can contain both letters and numbers, but they cannot start with a number. It is legal to use uppercase letters, but it is a good idea to begin variable names with a lowercase letter (you'll see why later).
The underscore character (
_) can appear in a name. It is often used in names with multiple words, such as
airspeed_of_unladen_swallow. Variable names can start with an underscore character, but we generally avoid doing this unless we are writing library code for others to use.
If you give a variable an illegal name, you get a syntax error:
>>> 76trombones = 'big parade' SyntaxError: invalid syntax >>> more@ = 1000000 SyntaxError: invalid syntax >>> class = 'Advanced Theoretical Zymurgy' SyntaxError: invalid syntax
76trombones is illegal because it begins with a number.
more@ is illegal because it contains an illegal character,
@. But what's wrong with
It turns out that
class is one of Python's keywords. The interpreter uses keywords to recognize the structure of the program, and they cannot be used as variable names.
Python reserves 33 keywords:
and del from None True as elif global nonlocal try assert else if not while break except import or with class False in pass yield continue finally is raise def for lambda return
You might want to keep this list handy. If the interpreter complains about one of your variable names and you don't know why, see if it is on this list.