The modulus operator works on integers and yields the remainder when the first operand is divided by the second. In Python, the modulus operator is a percent sign (
%). The syntax is the same as for other operators:
quotient = 7 // 3 print(quotient) remainder = 7 % 3 print(remainder)
So 7 divided by 3 is 2 with 1 left over.
The modulus operator turns out to be surprisingly useful. For example, you can check whether one number is divisible by another: if
x % y is zero, then
x is divisible by
You can also extract the right-most digit or digits from a number. For example,
x % 10 yields the right-most digit of
x (in base 10). Similarly,
x % 100 yields the last two digits.