Bioremediation is a possible solution for the growing problem of pollution and global warming. Bioremediation involves using living microbes to clean waste. These microbes can naturally occur in the area or scientists can extract them and place them into areas that need them. When scientists place cultured microbes into an area for purposes of bioremediation it is called bioaugmentation.
What is Bioremediation?
The Process of Bioremediation
“Mechanisms involved in bioremediation of toxic compounds” by Timmer26, via bioremediation of oil spills [CC BY-SA 4.0]
Advantages of Bioremediation
Bioremediation is relatively cheap compared to other pollution cleanup methods. It is safe and can lead to cleaner water and soil in the area. Another advantage is that contaminated soil and groundwater are treated onsite without having to dig and transport materials elsewhere for treatment. One common example of a successful bioremediation process is composting. This video explains how bioremediation has been used to help clean up oil spills.
Information in this chapter is thanks to content contributions from Bryce Chouinard .