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- floor division:
- An operator, denoted
//, that divides two numbers and rounds down (toward negative infinity) to an integer.
- modulus operator:
- An operator, denoted with a percent sign (
%), that works on integers and returns the remainder when one number is divided by another.
- boolean expression:
- An expression whose value is either
- relational operator:
- One of the operators that compares its operands: ==, !=, >, <, >=, and <=.
- logical operator:
- One of the operators that combines boolean expressions:
- conditional statement:
- A statement that controls the flow of execution depending on some condition.
- The boolean expression in a conditional statement that determines which branch runs.
- compound statement:
- A statement that consists of a header and a body. The header ends with a colon (
:). The body is indented relative to the header.
- One of the alternative sequences of statements in a conditional statement.
- chained conditional:
- A conditional statement with a series of alternative branches.
- nested conditional:
- A conditional statement that appears in one of the branches of another conditional statement.
- return statement:
- A statement that causes a function to end immediately and return to the caller.
- The process of calling the function that is currently executing.
- base case:
- A conditional branch in a recursive function that does not make a recursive call.
- infinite recursion:
- A recursion that doesn’t have a base case, or never reaches it. Eventually, an infinite recursion causes a runtime error.