# 30.10: Questions

- Page ID
- 32956

## Quick questions

You should be able to answer these questions without too much difficulty after studying this TLP. If not, then you should go through it again!

Which is true? For second order elements:

**Answer**-
C

Which is true? For first order elements:

**Answer**-
C

Which is true? The error between an exact and finite element solution will always be reduced by:

**Answer**-
B

If your finite element mesh contains 16 nodes, how many degrees of freedom are there in a coupled thermomechanical simulation:

**Answer**-
A

In a structural mechanics analysis, what type of boundary condition is an applied pressure:

**Answer**-
B

Discretise the following function using three equal length elements between\(0 \leq x \leq 6 \). Assume the elements are linear (first order), and calculate \( \phi(x=3.2) \) using the finite element method. Compare your answer to the exact solution.

\[ \phi = x(x-3.5)(x+3) + 30 \]

hint:

**Answer**-
FEM Solution (3 first order elements) = 32.4, Exact Solution = 24.05, Error = 34%

Discretise the same function using six equal length elements and find \( \phi(x=3.2) \) using the finite element method. Compare your answer to the exact solution and to the answer obtained using a three element discretisation.

**Answer**-
FEM Solution (6 first order elements) = ,25.6, Exact Solution = 24.05, Error = 6.4%

Discretise the same function using three equal length but QUADRATIC elements. Calculate \( \phi(x=3.2) \) and compare your answer to the ones obtained previously.

**Answer**-
FEM Solution (3 second order elements) = 24.24, Exact Solution = 24.05, Error = 0.8%

Using an equal length, 4-element discretisation of \( f(x)=10 - x^2 \), calculate \( f(x = 0.6) \) and the error between the finite element and exact solutions.

hint:

**Answer**-
FEM Solution (4 first order elements) = 9.525, Exact Solution = 9.64, Error = 1.2%

For the system of springs below, determine the global stiffness matrix.

**Answer**-
\[K = \begin{pmatrix}

k1 & -k1 & 0 & 0\\

-k1 & k1+k2+k3 & -k2 & -k3\\

0 & -k2 & k2 & 0\\

0 & -k3 & 0 & k3

\end{pmatrix}\]

A system of 1-dimensional springs has the following global stiffness matrix. Draw the system of springs.

\[\begin{pmatrix}

k1 & -k1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0\\

-k1 & k1+k2+k3+k4+k5 & -k2 & -k3 & -(k4+k5) & 0\\

0 & -k2 & k2 & 0 & 0 & 0\\

0 & -k3 & 0 & k3 & 0 & 0\\

0 & -(k4+k5) & 0 & 0 & k4+k5+k6 & -k6\\

0 & 0 & 0 & 0 & -k6 & k6

\end{pmatrix}\]

**Answer**