# 5.5: Joint Identification and Member Force Notation

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- 42965

Truss joints can be identified using alphabets or numbers, depending on the preference of the analyst. However, consistency must be maintained in the chosen way of identification to avoid confusion during analysis. A bar force can be represented by any letter (\(F\) or* *\(N\) or \(S\)), with two subscripts designating the member. For example, the member force \(F_{AB}\) in the truss shown in Figure 5.4 is the force in the member connecting joints \(A\) and \(B\).

Example 5.1

Classify the trusses shown in Figure 5.5 through Figure 5.9 as stable, determinate, or indeterminate, and state the degree of indeterminacy when necessary.

\(r = 3\), \(m = 9\), \(j = 6\). From equation 3.5, \(9 + 3 = 2(6)\). Statically determinate.

\(r = 3\), \(m = 10\), \(j = 6\). From equation 3.5, \(10 + 3 > 2(6)\). Statically indeterminate to \(1^{\circ}\).

\(r = 3\), \(m = 9\), \(j = 6\). From equation 3.5, \(9 + 3 = 2(6)\). Statically determinate.

\(r = 3\), \(m = 24\), \(j = 14\). From equation 3.5, \(24 + 3 < 2(14)\). Statically unstable.

\(r = 5\), \(m = 11\), \(j = 7\). From equation 3.5, \(11 + 5 > 2(7)\).

Statically indeterminate to the \(2^{\circ}\).