Skip to main content
Engineering LibreTexts

5.1.4: Instruments layout

  • Page ID
  • \( \newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} } \) \( \newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}} \)\(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \(\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\) \( \newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}\) \( \newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}\) \( \newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}\) \( \newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}\) \( \newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}\) \( \newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}\) \( \newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}\)\(\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}\)

    Flight and navigation instruments layout

    Most aircraft are equipped with a standard set of flight instruments which provide the pilot with information about the aircraft’s attitude, airspeed, and altitude.

    Most aircraft built since the 50s have four of the flight instruments located in a standardized pattern called the T-arrangement, which has become throughout the years a standard. The attitude indicator is at the top center, airspeed indicator to the left, altimeter to the right, and heading indicator below the attitude indicator. The other two, turn indicator and vertical speed indicator, are usually found below the airspeed indicator and altimeter, respectively, but for these two there is no common standard. The magnetic compass will be above the instrument panel. In newer aircraft with electronic displays substituting conventional instruments, the layout of the displays conform to the basic T-arrangement. The basic T-arrangement can be observed in Figure 5.6 and Figure 5.9.

    Power plant instruments layout

    This instruments layout is less standardized and we will not go into detail.

    截屏2022-01-19 下午10.41.46.png
    Figure 5.10: Aircraft cockpit.

    This page titled 5.1.4: Instruments layout is shared under a CC BY-SA 3.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Manuel Soler Arnedo via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.