The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set of conditions. This TLP considers the basic concepts of hardenability and the Jominy test.
Knowledge about the hardenability of steels is necessary to be able to select the appropriate combination of alloy steel and heat treatment to manufacture components of different size to minimize thermal stresses and distortion. The Jominy end quench test is the standard method for measuring the hardenability of steels. This describes the ability of the steel to be hardened in depth by quenching.
Hardenability depends on the chemical composition of the steel and also be can affected by prior processing conditions, such as the austenitizing temperature. It is not only necessary to understand the basic information provided from the Jominy test, but also to appreciate how the information obtained can be used to understand the effects of alloying in steels and the steel microstructure.