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14.6: Summary

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    Texture describes the orientation distribution of crystals within a polycrystalline aggregate. This can be measured using x-ray diffraction, EBSD, and neutron diffraction and represented in the form of pole diagrams, inverse pole diagrams, and crystal orientation distribution functions.

    Texture can arise from processes such as solidification, mechanical deformation, annealing, and in thin films. The presence of texture may be problematic, but if the textures present and their effects are understood, then it can be exploited to great benefit.

    Going further


    A readable book covering measurement and analysis of textures as well as modelling the development of texture during plastic deformation

    • Texture and Anisotropy – Preferred orientations in polycrystals and their effect on materials properties by U.F Kocks, C.N Tomé and H.-R Wenk, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1998

    This book is a good introduction to crystallography and the basics of texture.

    • Crystallography and Crystal Defects, 2nd edition, A. Kelly and K.M. Knowles, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, 2012

    This book covers the mathematical theory behind texture analysis including the construction of CODFs

    • Texture Analysis in Materials Science – Mathematical methods by H. J. Bunge, Butterworths & Co. 1982

    Original papers containing charts to determine ideal orientations from crystallite orientation distribution functions

    • Charts for analysing crystallite distribution function plots for cubic materials by G.J Davies, D.J Goodwill, and J.S Kallend (J. Appl. Cryst. 4 (1971) 67-70)
    • Charts for analysing crystallite orientation distribution function plots for hexagonal materials by G.J Davies, D.J Goodwill, and J.S Kallend (J. Appl. Cryst. 4 (1971) 193-196)


    • An introduction to the representation of texture in pole figures and CODF

    This page titled 14.6: Summary is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Dissemination of IT for the Promotion of Materials Science (DoITPoMS).

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