1: Tensile Response of Materials
- Page ID
The modules in this section will outline some of the basic concepts of materials mechanical response by restricting the geometry to a case of simple uniaxial tension. Many of the atomistic and mechanistic concepts in our materials-oriented approach to solid mechanics can be introduced in this way, without the mathematical and conceptual complications that more realistic gemoetries entail. Subsequent modules will extend these concepts to geometrically more complicated situations, and introduce gradually the mathematical language used by the literature of the field to describe them.
- 1.1: Introduction to Elastic Response
- This module outlines the basic mechanics of elastic response — a physical phenomenon that materials often (but do not always) exhibit. An elastic material is one that deforms immediately upon loading, maintains a constant deformation as long as the load is held constant, and returns immediately to its original undeformed shape when the load is removed. This module will also introduce two essential concepts in Mechanics of Materials: stress and strain.
- 1.2: Atomistics of Elasticity
- For most materials, the amount of stretching experienced by a tensile specimen under a small fixed load is controlled in a relatively simple way by the tightness of the chemical bonds at the atomic level, and this makes it possible to relate stiffness to the chemical architecture of the material. This is in contrast to more complicated mechanical properties such as fracture, which are controlled by a diverse combination of microscopic as well as molecular aspects of the material.
Thumbnail: Illustration of isotropic normal tensile stress. (CC BY-SA 3.0; Jorge Stolfi via Wikipedia)