8: Air transportation
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First in Section 8.1, we will introduce the concept air transportation by defining it, briefly describing its history, and finally presenting some facts and figures aimed at providing a quantitative measure of its importance. Second, in Section 8.2, we will analyse the complex regulatory framework needed for reliable and safe air transportation. ICAO and IATA will be studied in Section 8.2.1 and Section 8.2.2, respectively. Third, for air transport economy we need to consider the performances of the aircraft studied in Chapter 7 and the particular characteristics of air transportation. Thus, this chapter will briefly focus on the types of aircraft and manufactures in Section 8.3, on the structure of costs of a typical airline in Section 8.4, and on aviation’s environmental fingerprint in Section 8.5. A good introductory reference is Navarro . Thorough overviews are given, for instance, in Pindado Carrión  and Belobaba et al. .