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Engineering LibreTexts

3: Atomic Force Microscopy

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    Learning Objectives

    • Understand the basic principles of atomic force microscopy (AFM), including the different modes it can be used in.
    • Understand how AFM can be used in materials science.
    • Be aware of some of the problems that can be encountered, and how to overcome them.

    Before You Start

    You should have a basic understanding of the behaviour of piezoelectric materials to understand how the piezo-scanner works in AFM

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