The basic features of diffraction and imaging have been presented in this package. When a wave, such as light, passes through a small aperture, it will be distorted. It will form a distinctive pattern on a screen, known as the diffraction pattern. This pattern contains information on the diffracting aperture (such as a mask or grating), with an inverse relationship in dimensions. The form of the intensity pattern can be predicted mathematically.
A lens can be used to form an image of the mask onto the screen. The diffraction pattern of the mask can be seen in the back focal plane of the lens. By forming the image from selected portions of the diffraction pattern in the back focal plane, particular information present in the image can be enhanced.
The theories involved can be applied to electrons and X-rays, as well as optics.
- C. Hammond, The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction, Oxford University Press 1997.
- R. Steadman, Crystallography, Van Nostrand Reinhold, student edition, 1982.
- J.S. Blakemore, Solid State Physics, Cambridge University Press, 1985.
- X-ray Diffraction
A DoITPoMS teaching and learning package on the application of diffraction principles to X-ray diffraction.
- Optical Microscopy and Specimen Preparation
A DoITPoMS teaching and learning package that demonstrates some microscopy techniques involving diffraction.
A MATTER module providing an in-depth look at diffraction, including optical, X-ray and electron diffraction.
- Molecular Expressions: Light and Color
A lot of material on diffraction and interference, among many other topics, including interactive Java applets to help visualise the fundamentals of diffraction patterns, such as:
- How Lasers work Background information on LASERs on the Marshall Brain's HowStuffWorks website.